Research Groups and Organizations

This subject resource guide is available courtesy of Jennifer Doherty?? 2009.? ?She can be contacted at

Introduction??? ?Archives and Databases???? Associations??? ?Catalogs and Conferences???? Journals???? Reference Works???? Research Groups and Organizations???? Websites and Electronic Resources

?Government Research and/or Information Centers

Chandra X-Ray Center (AXAF)

Chandra X-ray center (AXAF). (2009).

The Chandra X-ray Observatory is the U.S. follow-on to the Einstein Observatory. Chandra was formerly known as AXAF, the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility, but renamed by NASA in December, 1998. The website contains links to individual documents and presentations, provides access to observational data and data analysis, and links to other NASA archives and data centers.? The Chandra X-Ray Center (CXC) is operated for NASA by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)

Defense technical information center (DTIC) (2009).

The Defense Technical Information Center is the scientific and technical information collection point for the Department of Defense (DoD).? They collect and disseminate information produced by the greater DoD community as well as information that is produced by other organizations but is of interest to the DoD research community.? The repository includes reports and other materials from joint projects with NASA and other organizations engaged in aerospace and aeronautical research.

Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information (DOE OSTI)

Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information (DOE OSTI). (2009).

The DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information is the scientific and technical information collection point for the Department of Energy (DOE).? They collect and disseminate information produced by the greater DOE community as well as work closely with other science and technology organizations to facilitate information exchange.? They also serve as a preservation organization for materials produced by the DOE.? OSTI?s primary dissemination point to the public is the Information Bridge, which contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

European Space Agency (ESA)

European space agency (ESA). (2009).

ESA is an international European space technology organization with 17 Member States. ESA?s job is to draw up the European space program and carry it through. ESA’s programs are designed to find out more about Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the Universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. ESA also works closely with space organizations outside Europe.

International Space Station (ISS)

International space station (ISS). (2009).

The International Space Station is an internationally developed scientific research platform currently orbiting the earth.? Construction was begun in 1998 and is slated to be completed in 2011 with operations continuing until at least 2015.? The ISS is a joint effort supported by the United States NASA, the Russian Federal Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, and the European Space Agency.? The site contains mission information, background information, status updates, press releases and other information regarding the ISS, its personnel and missions.

Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA): Institute of Space and Astronautical Science

Japanese aerospace exploration agency (JAXA): Institute of space and astronautical science (2009).

JAXA?s mission is to advance space science ? scientific research conducted in outer space ? in Japan, mainly by collaboration with universities and other research organizations. The site contains information on Japan?s ongoing research activities, official publications going back to 1926, and links to data archives and other research efforts within Japan and around the world.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

National aeronautics and space administration (NASA) (2009).

NASA is the national space agency of the United States overseeing the national space program and its research.? Its mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research.? NASA was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958 and replaced the existing National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) whose aeronautical work NASA also continued.? NASA?s current work is divided into four mission directorates:? Aeronautics, Exploration Systems, Science and Space Operations.

NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NASA engineering and safety center. (2009).

The NASA Engineering and Safety Center’s (NESC) mission is to perform value-added independent testing, analysis, and assessments of NASA’s high-risk projects to ensure safety and mission success. The NESC engages proactively to help NASA avoid future problems. This site would be of interest to scientists, engineers, and aerospace students interested in testing and risk assessment of aerospace projects.

NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Office

NASA scientific and technical information program office (STIPO) (2009).

This office oversees the collection and distribution of scientific and technical information (STI) produced or funded by NASA, which is made available to the public via the NASA Technical Reports Sever and a variety of electronic publications.? The website also contains information about publishing and accessing STI and STI resources for authors, researchers and STI professionals.? Other aerospace related resources are available from this site as well, including the NASA Thesaurus and the NASA Scope and Subject Category Guide.

NASA Space Science Data Center (NSSDC)

NASA space science data center (NSSDC) (2009).

This is NASA?s permanent Archive for space science mission data.? As the permanent archive, NSSDC teams with NASA’s discipline-specific space science “active archives” which provide access to data to researchers and, in some cases, to the general public.? The NSSDC has four Discipline Services, which include Universe Exploration (Astrophysics data and mission information); Heliophysics (Space and solar physics data and mission information); Solar System Exploration (Lunar and planetary science data and mission information); and Image Resources (Access to a variety of NASA image products).

NASA?s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)

NASA’s solar and Heliospheric observatory (SOHO). (2009).

SOHO, the Solar & Heliospheric Observatory, is a project of international collaboration between ESA and NASA to study the Sun from its deep core to the outer corona and the solar wind. The website contains a data archive, publications, a photo gallery, operational data, educational resources, a community page listing meetings and upcoming events and the latest news from NASA and ESA.

NASA Spinoff

NASA spinoff (2009).

Spinoff is NASA?s premier publication for highlighting NASA sponsored research and technology that have been successfully commercialized and transferred to the general public.? The resulting commercialization has contributed to the development of commercial products and services in the fields of health and medicine, industry, consumer goods, transportation, public safety, computer technology, and environmental resources.? This material would be of interest for organizations looking to work with NASA on technology transfers and commercialization as well as the general public.

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

National technical information service (NTIS) (2009).

The National Technical Information Service serves as the largest central resource for government-funded scientific, technical, engineering, and business related information available today.? The information they collect includes materials on aerospace and space science produced by both NASA and DoD.? The NTIS database is searchable thru a variety of commercial vendors or thru direct lease from NTIS.

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Research and Technology Organisation (NATO RTO)

NATO research and technology organisation (RTO). (2009).

The NATO Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) promotes and conducts cooperative scientific research and exchange of technical information amongst 26 NATO nations and 38 NATO partners. The largest such collaborative body in the world, the RTO encompasses over 3000 scientists and engineers addressing the complete scope of defense technologies and operational domains. This effort is supported by an executive agency, the Research and Technology Agency (RTA) that facilitates the collaboration by organizing a wide range of studies, workshops, symposia, and other forums in which researchers can meet and exchange knowledge. The United States Distributor for NATO RTO reports is the NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (

Space Telescope Science Institute

Space telescope science institute (2009).

The Institute provides support and outreach activities for the Hubble Space Telescope, data archive and distribution for all of NASA?s optical/UV missions, and is also the science and operations center for the James Webb Space Telescope.? The site provides access to the Multimission Archive, an astronomical data archive, information on current initiatives and information on upcoming conferences and events of interest.

?Private Research and/or Information Centers

Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit

Irwin, M. Cambridge astronomical survey unit., 2009, from

The Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit (CASU) is part of the Institute of Astronomy (, Cambridge University and is mainly involved in survey astronomy. Expertise within the group covers a broad range of ground-based and space-based projects ranging from data processing and image analysis techniques through to data curation and access to UK facility data archives. Research interests of individual CASU members include: statistical analysis techniques for data mining; searches for rare objects in large area surveys; properties of nearby galaxies and star clusters; attitude control and exploitation of astrometric space missions.

Lunar Planetary Institute

Lunar planetary institute (LPI). (2009).

The Lunar and Planetary Institute is a research institute that provides support services to NASA and the planetary science community, and conducts planetary science research under the leadership of staff scientists, visiting researchers, and postdoctoral fellows. The Institute conducts research studies on the formation, evolution, and current state of the Moon, planets, comets, asteroids, planetary satellites, cosmic dust, and our solar system as a whole through analysis of data and samples obtained through NASA?s long history of missions and exploration. The Institute sponsors a large number of conferences, workshops and symposia and also maintains a database of over 25,000 papers that have been presented at LPI conferences and workshops.

Introduction???? Archives and Databases???? Associations???? Catalogs and Conferences??? ?Journals???? Reference Works???? Research Groups and Organizations???? Websites and Electronic Resources

This subject resource guide is available courtesy of Jennifer Doherty?? 2009.? ?She can be contacted at